Diabetes also called as hyperglycemia is a health condition in which the blood glucose (sugar) levels rise much higher than the normal levels. Type 2 Diabetes is the most widespread form of diabetes.
In Type 2 Diabetes the body is not able to utilize insulin properly which is known as insulin resistance. The following blog deals with the causes and symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is a life-long disease in which the body’s capability of handling glucose is altered. This is often a life-long disease which can only be controlled through medications, diet and diabetes but not fully cured.
What Causes Diabetes?
Pancreas manufactures a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps in converting glucose in food into energy. But in case of type 2 diabetes the body does produce insulin but the body is not able to utilize it for conversion of glucose to energy. This condition is called as insulin resistance.
The pancreas produces more insulin for converting glucose into the cells. But eventually it is not able to keep it up which results into increase in sugar levels in the blood.
Following are some factors that result into type 2 diabetes:
Genes- Scientists have discovered different bits of DNA that have an effect on body’s insulin making capacity.
Overweight- If you are overweight and have some extra pounds especially at the belly region then you are at risk of getting diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Metabolic Syndrome- People who have insulin resistance are also likely to suffer from other health complications like high blood glucose, extra fat around the waist, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides.
Excess of glucose from your liver- When the blood sugar levels dip then the liver produces glucose to meet the body’s energy requirements. After our meals, the blood sugar rises and the liver stores the glucose for future use. But this doesn’t happen in some cases. Some people’s liver keeps cranking out sugar.
What Are The Risk Factors of Diabetes?
There are some factors that are not the actual cause of the disease but they can likely make you more vulnerable to it.
1. Most of them are things which are beyond your control like:
• If you are at the age of 45 or above
• If your parents, brother or sister has diabetes
• People belonging to ethnic group African-American, Alaska
Native, Native American, Asian-American, Hispanic or Latino, or Pacific Islander-American
2. Other factors that put you at risk of diabetes are related due to your medical history in which you can seek help of your doctor.
• Heart and blood vessel disease
• High blood pressure, even if it’s treated and under control
• Low HDL (“good”) cholesterol
• High triglycerides
• Being overweight or obese
• Having gestational diabetes during pregnancy
• Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
• Acanthosis nigricans, (dark rashes around your neck or armpits)
3. Dietary habits and lifestyle can also put you at risk of diabetes
• Sleeping too little or too much
Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
If you are experiencing any of the following conditions then you are likely to suffering from type 2 diabetes and you need to check the doctor.
• Feeling very thirsty
• Peeing in excess
• Blurry vision
• Irritated moods
• Numbness in your hands or feet
• Feeling worn out
• Wounds that don’t heal
• Yeast infections
How To Reduce The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes?
You just don’t need a great effort for this. A little change in the dietary habits, lifestyle and losing few pounds can cut your risk of type 2 diabetes in half.
Start Exercising: Involve yourself in some stretching exercises, yoga postures and 30 minutes of walk.
Eat The Right Diet: Include a lot of fiber, green veggies, and fresh fruits with low sugar in your diet. Eating too much of processed carbs, sugary drinks, and Trans and saturated fats only invite diseases to your body.
Quit Smoking: Smoking is nowhere going to benefit your health. So, why to think twice, just give it up today!