Skin Lesions are imperfections on your skin which visible in the form of moles, cysts, warts or skin tags. Although most of the skin lesions do not cause any harm to the skin but some prove to be infectious and thus have to be operated.
The following blog is about types of skin lesions and ways to remove them.
There are various types of skin lesions some of which can be harmless and some others can turn out to be cancerous. Following are some of the types of skin lesions.
• Moles: They can be commonly seen on your skin. They are small, dark patches on the skin which get developed in the childhood or early adult life. Most of them are harmless but some of them can prove harmful as well.
• Keratoses: They are brownish or pinkish scaly bits of skin that can emerge on any part of the body. Some of them are caused due to sun exposure and have a little risk of becoming cancerous.
• Warts: They are small, rough lumps that are caused due to human papilloma virus (HPV).
• Skin Tags: They are small, flesh-colored bumps that are caused over the skin portions which creases or gets rubbed.
Many people get skin lesions removed just because they don’t want them on their skin. But that’s more of a personal choice.
But in case your GP has recommended that a particular skin lesion has to be removed then you should not take the advice casually and get it treated.
What Happens During Skin Lesion Removal?
Skin lesion removal is usually done after giving a local anesthesia to avoid the pain due to the treatment.
Following are some ways that are used to remove the skin lesions. The type of procedure (surgical or chemical) depends upon the type of skin lesion you have and where it is on your body.
• Partial Removal (Shave Biopsy) – This technique is meant for skin lesions such as skin tags, actinic keratoses and moles which stick out from your skin. The doctor uses a surgical blade to cut across the bottom of the lesion so that it levels according to the surrounding skin. This technique is often done in combination with cautery in which the electrical current is given to your skin that helps to seal the skin.
• Complete Removal (Excisional Biopsy) – In this the entire lesion is cut out. This technique applies for larger moles, cancerous lesions. This is done using a surgical blade to cut off the whole lesion along with a portion of ‘normal’ skin around the edge. The wound has to be closed with stitches afterwards.
• Freezing (Cryotherapy) – In this the liquid nitrogen is used to freeze lesions. This technique is fit for getting rid of actinic keratoses, warts and skin tags. The doctor applies the liquid nitrogen to the area for around 10 seconds, with a cotton ball or a spray. It results into a blister which will lead to falling off the blister.
• Scooping Away (Curettage) – This method is suitable for wart removal. It is removed with the help of a surgical instrument. This technique can be combined with cautery (heat treatment) or cryotherapy (freezing).
• Light Therapy (Photodynamic Therapy) – This technique is used to treat skin cancer, and lesions that can turn cancerous. The doctor applies a chemical to your lesion, before focusing a special light over it. The chemical is activated due to light and then the lesion gets destroyed.
After the treatment you will have to take care of certain basic steps to make sure the wound heals in time.
Follow the instructions given by your doctor or nurse for letting the wound heal faster. You may be given a date for a follow-up appointment.
In case you had non-dissolvable stitches to close your wound, then you would be called after about seven days for stitches on face, and 10 to 14 days for any other body part.