Tips for Diabetics

Tips For Seniors with Diabetes

If we look at the figures, one in four Americans age 65 or older are suffering from diabetes which has increased their risk of vision loss and blindness. But diabetes-related vision loss can be prevented provided if the person gets regular care and medical attention. But according to recent study, many Medicare beneficiaries having diabetes do not get the necessary eye exams.

Diabetics

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes is found to affect the small blood vessels in the eyes resulting into leak and irregular growth. If this is not given proper medical attention it can even lead to loss of vision. This medical condition is termed as diabetic retinopathy and is found to affect nearly 30 percent of people having diabetes. It can even give rise to more blinding ocular complications, such as diabetic macular edema. The risk increases with age and duration of diabetes.

According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology people with diabetes should go for a dilated eye exam every year to prevent any diabetes-related vision loss. Getting a proper eye examination can reduce risk by 95 percent of diabetes-related vision loss. The examination is done by physicians who have specialized in surgical eye care known as ophthalmologists.

Eye Exams For People With Diabetes

Eye exams for diabetes patients are same as comprehensive eye exams. They are done by putting dilating drops into the eyes which allows the pupil to expand. This position of the pupil makes it possible for the ophthalmologist to study the retina closely for the early signs of diabetic retinopathy. Cameras along with a microscope are used to get close-up images of the retina and record them for further study. So, it is recommended for all the diabetes patients to talk with their doctors for a proper eye exam.
EyeCare America is a public service program of the Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology which can help older Americans to get a comprehensive eye exam up to one year that too free of cost.

Tips To Manage Type 2 Diabetes

  • Switch to high fiber but low fat foods
  • There is no pre-defined diet for diabetes patients and it may vary from patient to patient. But people with type 2 diabetes should eat high-fiber but low-fat foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Cut off consumption of animal products, refined carbohydrates and sweets.
  • Consuming Low glycemic index foods will stabilize blood sugar levels in the body. So, prefer low glycemic foods over high as low glycemic foods contain a lot of fiber.

For Effectively Managing Type 2 Diabetes

• Increase consumption of wholegrain bread and cereals, beans and lentils, and fruit and vegetables
• Eat low fat foods such as vegetable oil instead of butter, ghee and coconut oil.
• Prefer skimmed and semi-skimmed milk, and low-fat yoghurts
• Cut off high-fat foods, such as mayonnaise, chips, crisps, pasties from your diet

Include Physical Activity In Your Daily Routine:

  • Physical activity is must for a healthy life. It keeps you fit, energetic and also prevents problems of weight gain and obesity. But it is advisable to consult your doctor for a safe exercise routine.
  • A good exercise routine should comprise of aerobics, walking, swimming and biking. You can even practice few basic yoga postures and then eventually move to advance yoga to keep your body in shape.
  • People in the age 19-64 years of age should follow exercise routine.
  • Moderate intensity of aerobic activity for 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) which includes cycling or fast walking (can be done in sessions of 10 minutes or more during a week)
  • Muscle-strengthening activities for two or more days during a week (working on legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders and arms).
Home remedies for FLU

Home Remedies for FLU

Say ‘Goodbye’ to heavy antivirals that makes you feel drowsy and sleepy! Simply, go with these tips when having flu and get it cured naturally.

FLU – a common infection that makes you feel annoyed! It’s a good idea to visit your doctor at the first signs of flu. Antivirals drugs that are prescribed by your doctor may shorten your illness. However, you have to take them within 48 hours after the symptoms start.

Home Remedies For Flu

Although, these antivirals give you with instant relief, overusing them can lead to several side-effects. Above all, these make you feel sleepy and lethargic.

Natural remedies have always been the best way to treat any ailment. So, here are 5 simple tips to take care of your flu. Have a look.

1. Take Fluids More

Often the flu leaves the sufferer dehydrated, especially if he/she has vomiting or diarrhea. Hence, ensuring that you take enough liquid.
Water, fruit juices, soda, and electrolyte beverages can work well. However, make sure to stay away from caffeinated drinks, as caffeine is a diuretic. You can take herbal tea with honey as it can appease a sore throat. In case you feel nauseated, try to take small sips of fluids instead of gulps that might cause you to throw up. You can determine whether the liquid intake is sufficient for you by urine which should be pale yellow, nearly colorless. And … just say NO to alcohol.

2. Be A Couch Potato

Take Rest… ample rest! If your body is telling you not to exercise, simply don’t. And if it wants you to spend all day in bed, do! Rest is just another way of supporting the body’s ability to fight infection.
Also, never hold back on night time sleep. Try to take a sound sleep as a Good sleep cycle help the immune system work well. Hence, it’s important to get your full eight hours of sleep each night, especially when you’re affected with flu.

3. Gargles

Gargling cane be the best way to moisten a sore throat bringing temporary relief. Simply, dissolve a teaspoon of salt into a glass of lukewarm water and gargle with it, four times daily.
If you’re feeling that tickling in your throat, try an astringent gargle, such as tea that contains tannins. This will tighten the membranes. You can also a thick, viscous gargle of honey, sage and cayenne pepper. Simply, steep fresh sage leaves with the cayenne in 100 ml of boiled water for 10 minutes. Put about 50 ml of honey into it. A pinch of salt and some cider vinegar can also be added to help loosen phlegm. Let it cool to room temperature before gargling.

4. Soup For The Soul

Thoughtful parents have been serving chicken soup to their kids in colds and flu for generations. According to a study published in the journal Chest reported that chicken soup may help with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections like that in flu.
“I believe that chicken soup does help with symptoms,” says Reid B. Blackwelder, MD, professor of family medicine at East Tennessee State University in Kingsport. However, many other doctors don’t agree upon this finding. “When you lean over a bowl of hot chicken soup and the vapor gets up your nose, you feel better,” Schaffner says. “But some [of the benefit] is clearly emotional. It just makes you feel better having someone make soup for you.”

5. Humidify

Inhalation of moist or warm air aids in easing nasal congestion and throat pain. One good way can be to pander to in a steamy shower 3-4 times a day. Or simply turn on the shower and sit in the bathroom for a few minutes and inhale the steam. If all this don’t work, just use a humidifier. However, clean it frequently to make sure it’s free of mildew and mold.

Bonus Tip: Body ache is common during flu. Hence, you can use a numbing cream to get instant relief from that painful body ache.

Diabetes Prevention Program

Prevent Diabetes – National Diabetes Prevention program

Looking at the current figures, around 86 million American adults are having prediabetes and one-third of this number is likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes within next 5 years if they are not treated. Type 2 diabetes is known to have serious complications like blindness, amputation, heart disease and kidney failure.
But a program called as National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP) has taken the initiative to spread awareness about prediabetes among people.

Diabetes Prevention Program

The community based program National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP) works to replicate the results of National Institutes of Health clinical trial. As per the trial there was a significant reduction in the number of people with prediabetes with 58 percent overall reductions in new cases of diabetes and 71 percent reduction among people above 60 years of age.
This reduction is a result of just 5 to 7 percent of weight loss of total body weight. The results have been used to provide an effective and low-cost program for individuals who are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Need To Cover National DPP Plan Under Medicare

The National DPP plan is still not covered under Medicare despite the results which have proved to be effective and still more than half of people above 65 years of age have prediabetes.
The American Medical Association (AMA) along with the American Diabetes Association have put a proposal before Congress to pass the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Act of 2015 making the diabetes prevention program part of Medicare.
Due to the effective health outcomes many big public and private organizations have created the infrastructure to facilitate large-scale participation in these programs. For example, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention give in-person and virtual training for lifestyle coaches and the recognition program for National DPP providers.

Spreading Diabetes Awareness

At present, around 90 percent of people aren’t aware of the fact that they have prediabetes. The American Diabetes Association has come up with a type 2 diabetes risk test to spread awareness among individuals about their present status of diabetes and help them to take preventive measures for it.
The AMA, Y-USA and local YMCAs are working to provide help to physicians and care teams to find out people with diabetes through tests and recommend those at high risk of type 2 diabetes to local centers of National DPP.
For now, the National DPP plan is being covered by eight states for state employees. The country is spending huge sums of money to treat people who are suffering from diabetes.
But this is high time when every one of us should take a step forward to spread awareness about diabetes and also Congress should pass the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Act.

How To Lower The Risk Of Diabetes?

Loose Few Pounds Of Weight

As already stated above, excess weight puts you at higher risk of type 2 diabetes. If you are overweight, you have 20 to 40 times more chance of developing diabetes as compared to a normal person.
So, work on to lose 7 to 10 percent of your present weight to reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes.

Cut Off Sugary Drinks From Your Diet

Sugary beverages have high glycemic levels and consuming this increases your risk of diabetes. Even the fruit drinks which are portrayed as healthy diet choices through advertisements are not at all a good choice. Consuming excess of sugar based drinks lead to weight gain. Moreover, these drinks lead to chronic inflammation, high triglycerides, decreased (HDL) cholesterol, and increased insulin resistance. All these factors lead you to diabetes. So, it’s better to take tea, coffee, green tea with low sugar which can prove as beneficial for your health.

Give Up Smoking:

Smoking brings along many chronic diseases and type 2 diabetes is one of them. Smokers are at 50 percent higher risk than non-smokers. Thus, the best idea is to give up smoking today!

Body-Piercing-Risk

Risks of Body Piercings

Body piercing is a trending body styling with both men and women. However, with many areas of the body used for piercing, various related risks have also been increased. Have a look at the risks associated with body piercing.

Body-Piercing-Risk

A body piercing is a piercing or puncture made in a specific body area by a needle. A piece of jewelry is inserted carefully into the puncture after that. Among the various body parts being pierced, the most popular ones are the ears, nostrils, brows, and the belly button.
However, the increasing trend has led to many risks associated with the piercings. Have a look.

Risks Of Body Piercing

Bacterial Infection
A build-up of abscess, what we call as pus, may form around the piercing site. This may need to be surgically drained if left untreated, and likely to cause a scar. Also, in some cases, it may grow blood poisoning or toxic shock syndrome that can be very dangerous. Blood poisoning can also occur even in the absence of an abscess.
Despite the high number of bacteria inside the mouth, tongue piercings carry a lesser risk of bacterial infection. Still, it is recommended that you brush your teeth or cleanse your mouth before getting a tongue piercing. You must know that the vein under the front of the tongue can also bleed if the piercing is done too close to it.
Earlobe piercings are usually safe, however care must still be taken to keep the piercing clean and dry. To reduce the risk of developing an infection, keep your piercing dry. Make sure to wash your hands with soap and water before touching the piercing. However, if possible try to avoid touching it.

Other General Risks
Other possible issues that can occur as a result of body piercing are:
• Bleeding and blood loss – in areas of the body with a lot of blood vessels, such as the tongue.
• Inflammation of the skin are around the piercing
• Scarring and the formation of keloid -a type of oversized scar – tell your piercer if you know that your skin has a tendency to form keloid scars.

Specific Risks
Any piercing that affects the functionalities of the body tends to carry a higher risk of causing problems. For instance:
• Tongue or oral piercings can cause speech impairments and chipped teeth if the jewelry you wear is away from tooth enamel. A higher risk of bleeding along with a risk that your airways become blocked, due to the tongue swelling also prevails greatly.
• Genital piercings can sometimes make sex and urination tough and painful. This is especially common with piercings on and around the penis.
• Ear cartilage piercings at the top of the earlobes are riskier than earlobe piercings as these can lead to infection and pus developing. Here the skin is close to the underlying cartilage and pus can get accumulated. Antibiotics don’t always successfully treat this problem. But, surgery can remove the affected cartilage. However this may lead to a deformed ear.
• Nose piercings are riskier as the inner surface of the nose, which can’t be disinfected, holds bacteria that can cause infection.

Self-Piercing
Self-piercing is very dangerous. It is unlikely that you’ll have the proper training, correct equipment, and hygiene procedures to minimize the risk of infection or scarring. Even piercings done by a non-specialist can cause serious complications for a person, which can further result in a trip to hospital.
Hence, seeking a specialist’s help if you’re considering a body piercing is a must!

Playing with the body is cool…but playing with the health, hygiene and fitness isn’t good!

Foods to get best complexion

Get the Best Complexion with these Foods

Foods-to-get-you-best-complexionDo you know that your skin is a reflection of all the happenings within your body? While a dull, dark skin reflects impure blood, a glowing face means everything is perfect within!

Our skin is the exit point for toxins in our bodies. Hence, the less the junk to evacuate, the more our skin can glow with supple magnificence. You might find it surprising to know that the sophisticated or pure skin products can only improve the appearance of the outer layer of the skin. In order to work to the living cells, we need to nourish from deep within.

But, don’t worry! We have something for you. If you’re looking for ways to minimize your struggle for getting a glowing complexion, consider the below enlisted foods.

1. Green tea
Drink a cup of green tea a day and see the change! The antioxidant properties of green tea help combat the free radicals from pollution, junk and stress that viciously age the skin and take a toll on the health. The tea is also high particularly in catechin – an antioxidant that prevents cancer and tumor growth. It can keep the metabolism burning at a healthy clip to help in weight loss. In short, it’s a winner all around!

2. Pomegranate
One of the best beautifying food! Pomegranate juice and the whole fruit have long been greeted as a beautifying food since years. Filled with precious goods for great skin, such as flavonoid antioxidants and tons of vitamin C, pomegranate makes your skin glow. They’re also rich in strong compounds called anthocyanin, which are responsible for the fruit’s ravishing crimson color that effectively obstructs sun harm. The anti-tumor and anti-cancer properties don’t harm either.

3. Green Vegetables
Cruciferous veggies such as collards, kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and leafy greens provide you with more nutrients in fewer calories than any other food. This crucifer family is full of skin-beautifying compounds, such as sulfur-containing phytonutrients that boost the body’s natural detoxification enzymes to fight potentially carcinogenic invaders. So, GREEN is good for the complexion!

4. Red wine
You love it! Red wine is a feel-good delivery system for getting beautiful skin plus a healthy heart. Full with beneficial antioxidant and anti-inflammatory flavonoids, it is an excellent source of resveratrol that is concentrated in the skin of grapes and widely valued for its anticancer properties. It also shows promising results in protecting skin from sun harm. Cheers to that!

5. Dark Chocolate
Oh, yes! The “food of the gods,” and the most loved eatable – dark chocolates, It is known for its unique and evocative properties. Chocolate comprises a wealth of antioxidants. It contains catechins and is the greatest food source of procyanidins. These are the compounds that counter skin damage and boost cancer-free, happy heart. New research proves the chocolate’s ability to improve circulation, and hence it’s a delightful way to keep your skin looking young and a glow.

6. Good Oils
Extra-virgin olive oil, flax oil, cold-pressed sesame oil, as well as raw nuts and seeds, and avocados contain high-quality oils, which are vital for health down to the cellular level and basics for lustrous skin. The fresher the better and the least refined is best of all.
Storing oil away from light and heat is beneficial as it can damage them and diminish their skin-beautifying properties.

7. Water
Water isn’t technically a food! But… being the oldest trick in the book, it deserves to be discussed. Water is the cheapest and easiest way to keep your skin gorgeously glowing. “Water ensures a healthy metabolism, which will in turn keep skin healthy and glowing,” says Jenny. “Try swapping your usual cup of caffeine for a herbal brew.” In addition, increasing your fluid levels will also help to keep your brain functional that allows you to cope with stress better and replenishing the water levels in your skin.