The best way to control blood sugar levels is by adopting a healthy lifestyle which consists of healthy diet and rigorous physical activity. There are variety options of healthy foods that will not satisfy your food buds but also help you to keep a check on blood sugar levels.
Looking at the current figures, around 86 million American adults are having prediabetes and one-third of this number is likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes within next 5 years if they are not treated. Type 2 diabetes is known to have serious complications like blindness, amputation, heart disease and kidney failure.
But a program called as National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP) has taken the initiative to spread awareness about prediabetes among people.
The community based program National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP) works to replicate the results of National Institutes of Health clinical trial. As per the trial there was a significant reduction in the number of people with prediabetes with 58 percent overall reductions in new cases of diabetes and 71 percent reduction among people above 60 years of age.
This reduction is a result of just 5 to 7 percent of weight loss of total body weight. The results have been used to provide an effective and low-cost program for individuals who are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Need To Cover National DPP Plan Under Medicare
The National DPP plan is still not covered under Medicare despite the results which have proved to be effective and still more than half of people above 65 years of age have prediabetes.
The American Medical Association (AMA) along with the American Diabetes Association have put a proposal before Congress to pass the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Act of 2015 making the diabetes prevention program part of Medicare.
Due to the effective health outcomes many big public and private organizations have created the infrastructure to facilitate large-scale participation in these programs. For example, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention give in-person and virtual training for lifestyle coaches and the recognition program for National DPP providers.
Spreading Diabetes Awareness
At present, around 90 percent of people aren’t aware of the fact that they have prediabetes. The American Diabetes Association has come up with a type 2 diabetes risk test to spread awareness among individuals about their present status of diabetes and help them to take preventive measures for it.
The AMA, Y-USA and local YMCAs are working to provide help to physicians and care teams to find out people with diabetes through tests and recommend those at high risk of type 2 diabetes to local centers of National DPP.
For now, the National DPP plan is being covered by eight states for state employees. The country is spending huge sums of money to treat people who are suffering from diabetes.
But this is high time when every one of us should take a step forward to spread awareness about diabetes and also Congress should pass the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Act.
How To Lower The Risk Of Diabetes?
Loose Few Pounds Of Weight
As already stated above, excess weight puts you at higher risk of type 2 diabetes. If you are overweight, you have 20 to 40 times more chance of developing diabetes as compared to a normal person.
So, work on to lose 7 to 10 percent of your present weight to reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes.
Sugary beverages have high glycemic levels and consuming this increases your risk of diabetes. Even the fruit drinks which are portrayed as healthy diet choices through advertisements are not at all a good choice. Consuming excess of sugar based drinks lead to weight gain. Moreover, these drinks lead to chronic inflammation, high triglycerides, decreased (HDL) cholesterol, and increased insulin resistance. All these factors lead you to diabetes. So, it’s better to take tea, coffee, green tea with low sugar which can prove as beneficial for your health.
Give Up Smoking:
Smoking brings along many chronic diseases and type 2 diabetes is one of them. Smokers are at 50 percent higher risk than non-smokers. Thus, the best idea is to give up smoking today!
Diabetes also called as hyperglycemia is a health condition in which the blood glucose (sugar) levels rise much higher than the normal levels. Type 2 Diabetes is the most widespread form of diabetes.
In Type 2 Diabetes the body is not able to utilize insulin properly which is known as insulin resistance. The following blog deals with the causes and symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is a life-long disease in which the body’s capability of handling glucose is altered. This is often a life-long disease which can only be controlled through medications, diet and diabetes but not fully cured.
What Causes Diabetes?
Pancreas manufactures a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps in converting glucose in food into energy. But in case of type 2 diabetes the body does produce insulin but the body is not able to utilize it for conversion of glucose to energy. This condition is called as insulin resistance.
The pancreas produces more insulin for converting glucose into the cells. But eventually it is not able to keep it up which results into increase in sugar levels in the blood.
Following are some factors that result into type 2 diabetes:
Genes- Scientists have discovered different bits of DNA that have an effect on body’s insulin making capacity.
Overweight- If you are overweight and have some extra pounds especially at the belly region then you are at risk of getting diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Metabolic Syndrome- People who have insulin resistance are also likely to suffer from other health complications like high blood glucose, extra fat around the waist, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides.
Excess of glucose from your liver- When the blood sugar levels dip then the liver produces glucose to meet the body’s energy requirements. After our meals, the blood sugar rises and the liver stores the glucose for future use. But this doesn’t happen in some cases. Some people’s liver keeps cranking out sugar.
What Are The Risk Factors of Diabetes?
There are some factors that are not the actual cause of the disease but they can likely make you more vulnerable to it.
1. Most of them are things which are beyond your control like:
• If you are at the age of 45 or above
• If your parents, brother or sister has diabetes
• People belonging to ethnic group African-American, Alaska
Native, Native American, Asian-American, Hispanic or Latino, or Pacific Islander-American
2. Other factors that put you at risk of diabetes are related due to your medical history in which you can seek help of your doctor.
• Heart and blood vessel disease
• High blood pressure, even if it’s treated and under control
• Low HDL (“good”) cholesterol
• High triglycerides
• Being overweight or obese
• Having gestational diabetes during pregnancy
• Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
• Acanthosis nigricans, (dark rashes around your neck or armpits)
3. Dietary habits and lifestyle can also put you at risk of diabetes
• Sleeping too little or too much
Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
If you are experiencing any of the following conditions then you are likely to suffering from type 2 diabetes and you need to check the doctor.
• Feeling very thirsty
• Peeing in excess
• Blurry vision
• Irritated moods
• Numbness in your hands or feet
• Feeling worn out
• Wounds that don’t heal
• Yeast infections
How To Reduce The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes?
You just don’t need a great effort for this. A little change in the dietary habits, lifestyle and losing few pounds can cut your risk of type 2 diabetes in half.
Start Exercising: Involve yourself in some stretching exercises, yoga postures and 30 minutes of walk.
Eat The Right Diet: Include a lot of fiber, green veggies, and fresh fruits with low sugar in your diet. Eating too much of processed carbs, sugary drinks, and Trans and saturated fats only invite diseases to your body.
Quit Smoking: Smoking is nowhere going to benefit your health. So, why to think twice, just give it up today!